Carpentry is a a skilled trade in which the primary work performed is the use of wood to construct items as large as buildings and as small as desk drawers. Carpentry is also used to construct the formwork into which concrete is poured during the building of structures such as roads and highway overpasses. While the primary material used is wood, the construction of walls with metal studs and concrete formwork with reusable metal forms, is a carpentry skill.
Professional status as a journeyman carpenter in the United States may be obtained in a number of ways. The most formal training is acquired in a four year apprenticeship program administered by the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America.
Types of Carpentry
A Finish Carpenter is also called a joiner is one who odes finish carpentry; this is cabinetry, furniture making, fine woodworking, model buildings, joinery or other carpentry where exact joints and minimal margins of error are important Some large scale construction maybe of an exactitude and artistry that is classed as finish carpentry.
A Trim Carpenter specializes in molding and trim, such as door and window casings, baseboard and other types of ornamental work. Cabinet installers may also be referred to as trim carpenters.
A Framer is a carpenter that builds the skeletal structure of the wooden framework of buildings most often in the platform framing method. Historically balloon framing was used until the 1950s when fire safety concerns made platform framing inherently better. A carpenter who specializes in building with timers rather than studs, is known as a timber framer which may be traditional timber framing with wooden joints including mortise and tenon joinery, post and beam work or metal connectors or pole building framing.
A Restoration Carpenter is a carpenter who works in historic building restoration.